By Julie Fuimano, Personal & Career Coach
Every day it happens. You experience emotions. We all do. But how good are you at managing them? How do you deal with anger, hurt, disappointment, frustration and fear? What about joy? How often have you experienced joy, and do you know how to enjoy it when it arises?
Like everyone else, you probably learned about emotions from watching others, like your parents. How well did they express their emotions? It's not like someone takes you aside in high school and teaches you how to recognize and manage all of the different emotions you experience in life. Each of us has to fumble along and figure out what works for us.
Until the last 15 years, that is. There is now a whole field of study dedicated to emotions called Emotional Intelligence or EI. EI is defined as the capacity to effectively perceive, express, understand, and handle your emotions and the emotions of others in a positive and productive manner. EI is about connecting with others and with yourself on an emotional level. People who possess a high EI are more successful in relationships and are usually viewed as more effective leaders.
The first step in managing your emotions is to recognize that you are experiencing one. You have to be self-aware. Most people are not. They act out of habit. Someone experiences an emotion and there is an automatic response that occurs without even being consciously aware. So before you know it, you are doing it again. You've raised your voice or shrunk away and said nothing because you could not find the words. Saying nothing is just as bad as screaming. When you say nothing, you do not honor yourself or the message your Inner Self is trying to communicate.
It's easy to see why there is so much emphasis on conflict in the workplace. People disagree and tempers fly. And if you are not skilled at managing your own emotions, it's even harder to handle it when others are emotional in your presence.
Dealing with Emotions in the Workplace
While you have no control of what other people do, you always control you and your response. You are responsible for your emotions and your behavior. Here are several things to know when dealing with emotions in the workplace:
1) Emotions are inner messages. They bring your attention to something. The next time you experience an emotion, just notice. Identify what emotion it is that you are experiencing. Pause before you respond. This is the way to gain control over your emotions rather than allowing them to control you.
2) Acknowledge the emotion you are experiencing. We are so dependent upon our brains and our deductive reasoning ability, but the body is also a source of intelligence IF we learn how to listen to it.
3) You cannot think and feel at the same time. We've all tried to rationalize while we were angry or sad and it doesn't work. So don't even try. Separate the emotion from logic. If you are upset or emotional and you cannot think clearly, take a time-out to experience the emotion. If you can think clearly, then handle the situation at hand and process the emotion later. Don't repress the emotion; you need to know understand what is behind your emotional response.
4) Don't try to problem-solve, rationalize or communicate with someone else's emotions either. If the other person becomes emotional, acknowledge the emotion. "You seem upset. Do you want to talk about that?" The emotion is a distraction and requires attention. Often people don't even realize that they are wearing their emotion on their sleeves. They are not aware of what they do and how their behavior is affecting their ability to communicate.
5) You don't have to tolerate other people's bad behavior. Ask for what you want. You need to teach people how you want to be treated. This is best done in the form of direct requests. "Please lower your voice." Or "It's not acceptable to speak to me in that way." This is known as having personal boundaries and it's a way of letting people know what you are willing to tolerate in your presence. If you don't tell them, they will continue to treat you in whatever way they like. You need to speak your truth.
People often experience emotions in times of conflict, both internal conflicts as well as conflicts with others. Understanding the sources of conflict can be helpful in transcending it.
1) Conflict occurs when people take things personally, when they are attached to the outcome being the way they want it to be and no other, or when they make assumptions about the knowledge you have in your head and what they have in theirs.
2) Seek to understand what the other person is trying to say. This means you need to be simply curious. Ask questions. When you are genuinely interested in what they have to communicate, they will feel that you are interested in them. If you repeat back what they have shared to be certain you understand what they are saying, they will feel heard.
3) People are limited by their use of language and their ability to express themselves clearly. People also do not give proper consideration to what they want to convey before they speak. They don't always speak with purpose or intention; they just want to get their feelings or thoughts off their chest. After listening and reflecting back what's been shared, ask them if they need something from you. They may not. Being heard may be enough.
4) You can only control you so make sure that you do not take it personally when someone else becomes emotional. It is not about you; it's about them.
5) And do not be attached to the outcome. In other words, listen to them, do what you can to express yourself and then let it go. Sometimes people will get it and sometimes they won't. You can only do what you can to help them to understand your position. Then you have to let it go.
The steps I've outlined in this article are not easy. They sound simple, but they take practice and discipline. Mary is a client who was frustrated by her boss's demeaning and intimidating behavior. Through our work she is able to see how, while she cannot change him, she can control how she responds to him. His continued treatment of her in this way sends the message that she is not being clear enough with him about how she expects to be treated.
She is not a victim unless she chooses to be and this is a great opportunity for learning how to be more direct in her communications. Her feelings of frustration are about her, not him, and bring her attention to what she is doing (or not doing) to allow him to continue his inappropriate behavior. Speaking up may not ensure a change in his behavior; however, it is what she needs to do to honor herself.
Mary might be thinking, "He should know better." And maybe he should but the fact is he doesn't. Or maybe he does know better but he doesn't practice it. This is how he acts. She needs to respond to reality rather than indulging her emotions or wishing he would be different.
You can become more comfortable at handling emotions as you learn a process of self-mastery that allows you to experience your emotions and honor what they are trying to teach you. When you can be calm in the midst of chaos, you are succeeding in managing your emotions. The more you practice, the more comfortable you become with not only your own emotions, but with other's emotions as well.
Julie Fuimano, MBA, BSN, RN is a Success Coach and the author of "The Journey Called YOU: A Roadmap to Self-Discovery and Acceptance," the manual for unleashing the power of you. Sign up for our e-newsletter or purchase your copy of the book at www.nurturingyoursuccess.com or write to Julie@nurturingyoursuccess.com. Live Your Greatness.
Adapted from http://www.lifetoolsforwomen.com/p/managing-emotions.htm